Events 2015

7/31 IGS Seminar: Reserved for Whom?

20150731第 6 回「政党行動と政治制度」研究会
Reserved for Whom? The Electoral Impact of Gender Quotas in Taiwan
2015年度第2回IGSセミナー

日時:2015年7月31日(金)15:00~17:00
会場お茶の水女子大学 人間文化研究棟 6 階大会議室

Abstract Since the 1990s, gender quotas in elections have become a global phenomenon. One of the issues raised about gender quotas concerns the qualifications of quota women. Previous study on the French Parity Law’s experience shows quota women are as competent as or even more competent than non-quota women or non-quota men. The comparison, however, is about average qualifications among these groups since the French electoral system is proportional representation. Under proportional representation, it is impossible to know whom a quota woman actually replaced.
Concerning qualifications, if there is a comparison between a woman who obtains the seat and the man she unseats, then the comparison could offer a better insight into this issue. Taiwan’s electoral system allows such comparisons because Taiwan used reserved seats with a SNTV-MMD (single non-transferrable vote with multi-member district) electoral system in its local elections.
Based on the outcomes of Taiwan’s recent three local elections, this paper provides a direct comparison of qualifications between women who are elected through reserved seats and the men they unseated. The results show that the majority of women elected through the reserved seats have equal or better qualifications than the men they unseated. Also, increasing reserved seats or gender quotas enhance not only women’s political participation but also political competition.

言語:英語

プログラム

  • Speaker: Huang, Chang-Ling(Taiwan National University)
    黄長玲(國立臺灣大學政治學系副教授、人口ジェンダー研究センター女性研究主任)
  • Moderator: Ki-young Shin (Ochanomizu University)
  • Discussants: Jackie Steele (Tokyo University), Mari Miura (Sophia University)

参加費無料、要事前申込定員 50 名
申し込み:メールでお申し込みください。件名:「7/31セミナー参加申し込み」、メール本文にお名前、ご所属を明記して、igsoffice@cc.ocha.ac.jp 宛にお送りください。

主催「政党行動と政治制度」研究会
お茶の水女子大学ジェンダー研究所
科学研究費助成事業基盤研究(C)「女性の政治参画:制度的・社会的要因のサーベイ分析」(研究代表:三浦まり、課題番号:15K03287)

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